Michigan E Bike Laws

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Electric Bikes in Michigan. An electric bicycle (or e-bike) is a bicycle that has a small rechargeable electric motor that can give a boost to the pedaling rider and on some models can take over completely. To qualify as an electric bike in Michigan, it must meet the following requirements: It must have a seat or saddle for the rider to sit on.

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Michigan e-bike laws specify where the various classifications of electric bikes may be ridden. All three classes of e-bikes may be ridden on any roadway that is open to traditional bicycles, including designated bike lanes. Riders may also use Class 1 e-bikes “on a linear trail that has an asphalt, crushed limestone, or similar surface.”.

1. Author: The Sam Bernstein Law Firm
Estimated Reading Time: 7 mins

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An e-bike is defined by a seat, pedals, and an electric motor of 750 watts or less. A class 1 e-bike can be motor-assisted up to 20 miles per hour when pedaling. A class 2 e-bike can also have a throttle to engage the motor without pedaling. A class 3 e-bike can be motor-assisted up to 28 miles per hour when pedaling. MCL 257.13e defines an e-bike:

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November 2, 2017 On October 30, 2017, Governor Snyder signed into law HB 4781, 4782 and 4783. These bills, now Public Acts 138, 139 and 140, authorize the use of “electric bicycles” in Michigan subject to the limitations within them. This is a summary of the law presented in a Question and Answer format.

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(2) Beginning on January 1, 2018, a manufacturer or distributor of electric bicycles offered for sale or distribution in this state shall permanently affix in a prominent location on the electric bicycle a label that contains the classification number, top assisted speed, and motor wattage of the electric bicycle.

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Michigan has implemented a three class system for electric assist bikes (“e-bikes”). An e-bike cannot have a motor of greater than 750 watts. A Class 1 e-bike is one “that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches a speed of 20 mph.” A Class 2 e-bike is one that

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E-bike Law: What You Need To Know August 11, 2017 On October 29, 2017, Governor Snyder signed LMB’s e-bike legislation into law! This legislation, HB 4781, 4782, and 4783, amends the Michigan Vehicle Code (MVC) to clarify the definition of e-bikes and outlines where e-bikes can be ridden legally on Michigan roadways and trails.

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Michigan Compiled Law on bicycles. Michigan Compiled Law on pedestrians . Section 257.657 Rights and duties of persons riding bicycle, electric personal assistive mobility device, or moped or operating low-speed vehicle. Section 257.658 Riding on seat of bicycle, motorcycle, or moped; number of persons; crash

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Michigan became the 7th state to pass legislation specifically aimed at reducing the confusion faced by retailers, consumers, and law enforcement as to what e-bikes are and where they can be used. Prior to the passages of these laws, e-bikes were technically classified as mopeds and could not be used on trails and pathways closed to motorized

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Electric Bikes Allowed. Michigan State Legislature approved a three-bill package (HB 4781, 4782 and 4783), which provides for the legal operation of electric-assist bicycles (ebikes) in Michigan. Under the previous law, ebikes were treated the same as …

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Michigan Bicycle Laws Reference Guide for Law Enforcement Officers BicycLeBicycle” means a device propelled by human power upon which a person may ride, having either 2 or 3 wheels in a tandem or tricycle arrangement, all of which are over 14 inches in diameter. McL 257.4 Rights and duties of BicycLists

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1. What is the definition of a bicycle? MVC 257.4 defines a bicycle as” " a device propelled by human power upon which a person may ride, having either 2 or 3 wheels in a tandem or tricycle arrangement, all of which are over 14 inches in diameter.
2. Where do Michigan laws apply to bicyclists? Section 257.656 (3) of the MVC states: "The regulations applicable to bicycles under sections 656 to 662 shall apply when a bicycle is operated upon a highway or upon a path set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles, subject to those exceptions stated in sections 656 to 662."
3. Is a bicycle considered a vehicle in Michigan? No. MVC 257.79 defines a vehicle as: "every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices exclusively moved by human power"
4. Does a bicyclist have to obey the same traffic laws as a motorist? Yes! Section 257.657 of the MVC states: "Each person riding a bicycle upon a roadway has all of the rights and is subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this chapter, except as to special regulations in this article and except as to the provisions of this chapter which by their nature do not have application."
5. Does a bicyclist have to signal their turns? Yes. Section 257.648 of the MVC states: (1) "The operator of a bicycle upon a highway, before stopping or turning from a direct line, shall first determine that the stopping or turning can be made in safety and shall give a signal as required in this section."
6. Does a bicyclist have to ride with the direction of traffic? Yes. Section 257.634 (1) of the MVC states: "Upon each roadway of sufficient width, the driver of a vehicle shall drive the vehicle upon the right half of the roadway"
7. Where in the right half of the roadway must a bicyclist ride? Section 257.660A of the MVC states: A person operating a bicycle upon a highway or street at less than the existing speed of traffic shall ride as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except as follows
8. Can a bicyclist impede traffic? If the roadway the bicyclist is on has no minimum speed limit, then they are the traffic according to the MVC and MCL and therefore cannot be impeding traffic simply because of their speed or the fact that they are riding a bicycle.
9. Is it legal to ride between lanes? No. The MVC does not allow ‘passing between lanes of traffic’; bicyclists may only pass on the right if there is a dedicated bicycle facility.
10. Must a bicyclist ride on the sidewalk? Is it legal? What about crosswalks? The MVC does not require bicyclists to ride on the sidewalk and we do not recommend it because of the safety hazards to bicyclist and other sidewalk users.

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safe passing law – an amendment was made to the michigan vehicle code which requires “ the driver of a vehicle overtaking a bicycle proceeding in the same direction shall, when otherwise permitted by this section, pass at a distance of 3 feet to the left of that bicycle or, if it is impracticable to pass the bicycle at a distance of 3 feet to the …

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What are the restrictions on Motor power or throttle in Michigan? The state of Michigan determines that ebikes must have a motor of less than 750w. Are there any age restrictions to riding an electric bike in Michigan? No person under the age of 14 years can operate a class 3 electric bike, unless they are riding as a passenger.

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within this new Michigan law? Answer :The State or local authority which has jurisdiction over a trail must comply with the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990, Public Law 101-336, and the Persons With Disabilities Civil Rights Act, 1976 PA 220, MCL 37.1101 to 37.1607. Question 14: I already own an electric bike. How will the new law affect me?

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1. Ride Bike Reasonably Close to the Right Curb. If traveling below the normal speed of traffic, a cyclist must ride as close as practicable to the right‑hand curb or edge of the road, except…
2. Riding Bicycles on Sidewalks. Bicycles may be ridden upon a sidewalk, but cyclists must yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and are required to give an audible signal before overtaking and passing a pedestrian.
3. Riding Two (2) Abreast a Bicycle. Cyclists must not ride more than two (2) bicycles abreast. (MCL 257.660b)
4. Use of Hand Signals While Riding a Bicycle. A cyclist is required to signal: A left turn by extending his/her left hand and arm horizontally. A right turn by extending his/her left hand and arm upward, or by extending his/her right hand and arm horizontally.
5. Lights When Riding a Bicycle at night. If riding one-half hour after sunset, or one-half hour before sunrise, a cyclist must use lights. The law requires that a light system for bicycles must, at a minimum, include a white light which is visible from five hundred (500) feet to the front and a red reflector on the rear which is visible from all distances from one hundred (100) feet to six hundred (600) feet when directly in front of lawful low beam headlights.
6. Riding Double on a Bicycle. A bicycle may not be used to carry more people than the bicycle is designed and equipped to carry. (MCL 257.658) In other words, riding “double” is prohibited.
7. Brakes on a Bicycle. A bicycle must be equipped with a brake which enables the operator to make the braked wheels skid on dry, level, clean pavement. [MCL 257.662(2)]
8. Riding a Bike While Attached to a Vehicle. A cyclist may not attach himself or his bicycle to a streetcar or a vehicle upon a roadway. (MCL 257.659)
9. Carrying Packages While Cycling. A cyclist may not carry any package that prevents him/her from keeping both hands on the handlebars. (MCL 257.661)
10. Limited Access Highway. A cyclist may not ride on a limited-access highway. (MCL 257.679a) A limited-access highway is defined as “a highway, street, or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right or access to or from except at such points only, and in such a manner, as made to be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street, or roadway.”

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on New Michigan laws on electric bikes. Electric bikes (aka eBikes) are becoming more popular. Until this week, state law was unclear on their classification and use in Michigan. (See MTGA information below) That’s all changed. Governor Snyder signed legislation this week to define and regulate electric bike use on roads and trails.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are michigans e bike laws?

Michigan e-bike laws specify where the various classifications of electric bikes may be ridden. All three classes of e-bikes may be ridden on any roadway that is open to traditional bicycles, including designated bike lanes. Riders may also use Class 1 e-bikes “on a linear trail that has an asphalt, crushed limestone, or similar surface.”

Is it legal to drive an electric scooter in michigan?

Michigan is no exception. While Michigan has no laws specifically addressing electric standup scooters, we do have a law on the books that appears to regulate the use of electric scooters. Simply by chance, an earlier dispute surrounding electric skateboards led to the law that seems to define the use of electric scooters.

What is an electric bike in michigan?

Electric Bikes in Michigan. An electric bicycle (or e-bike) is a bicycle that has a small rechargeable electric motor that can give a boost to the pedaling rider and on some models can take over completely. To qualify as an electric bike in Michigan, it must meet the following requirements: It must have a seat or saddle for the rider to sit on.

Do you need insurance for an electric bike in michigan?

No, Michigan e-bike laws do not require owners to purchase insurance for their bike. However, it is wise to contact your insurance agent to make sure your e-bike is covered under your homeowners or renters insurance. If not, it may be a good idea to purchase insurance in case your e-bike is stolen or damaged.

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