European Union Competition Law

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6 hours ago Competition rules in the EU. The EU has strict rules protecting free competition.Under these rules, certain practices are prohibited. If you infringe the EU's competition rules, you could end up being fined as much as 10% of your annual worldwide turnover.In some EU countries individual managers of offending firms may face serious …

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6 hours ago EU Competition Law Competition. EU Competition Law Rules Applicable to Antitrust Enforcement Union (TFEU) and of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) B.1 Core provisions 10 Article 101 of the TFEU Article 102 of the TFEU Article 106 of the TFEU directly or indirectly imposing unfair purchase or selling prices or other unfair trading

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2 hours ago Breaking the competition rules is profitable if it goes unpunished – that is why companies do it. To take cartels as an example, the OECD looked at a selection of cartels, estimating the median price increase to be 15 to 20%, with a high of over 50%.i If a cartel lasts for several years, then the companies involved benefit from these higher

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6 hours ago US and EU Competition Law: A Comparison ELEANOR M. FOX On the surface, there appears to be much in common between competi-tion law in the United States and competition law in the European Union. Article 85 of the Treaty of Rome,1 which prohibits agreements that dis-tort competition and, accordingly, agreements that fix prices, is roughly

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9 hours ago Proposed EU legislation The European Union has proposed a Digital Markets Act (DMA), which will be very similar to the German Acts Against Restraints on Competition and would provide the European

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21.086.4171 hours ago

1. Global Competition Law (Global) This Competition Law course covers the fundamental principles of competition law (or antitrust or monopoly law, as it is sometimes called), which aims to prevent predatory business practices by promoting fair competition and economic efficiency. The course also highlights 'red flags' — situations that present a risk of violations and legal liability, enforcement, and civil and criminal penalties associated with violations of competition law.

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2 hours ago C ompetition law provides the European Union with some of its strongest powers. Not only is there a directly effective set of norms, but there is also a comparatively well resourced directorate to enforce the norms. As a result there is a tendency to pursue a number of objectives through competition law by characterising problems as competition ones.

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6 hours ago Either in the EU institutions or with NGOs of EU Member States dealing with economic regulation and competition law, as well as private practice. Either as practitioner in national and international law firms or as in-house-lawyer in national and international companies.

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3 hours ago The EU Commission had imposed a record fine of €2.93 billion on the leading European truck manufacturers for a 14-years’ duration cartel involving agreements on the sale prices of trucks

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2 hours ago 33 minutes ago · The Authority in this decision confirms that such practices are prohibited under French and EU competition law as they are considered as a form of indirect price fixing. Indeed, resellers contractually bound not to display retail prices below the recommended resale price lose their commercial freedom to set prices and the ability to attract

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7 hours ago 3 hours ago · The Federal Trade Commission has announced revised jurisdictional and filing fee thresholds under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as …

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5 hours ago Competition between businesses. Unfair practices such as Illegal contacts and agreements, price fixing and market sharing are prohibited under EU competition rules. Read about what you can and cannot do to ensure you operate your business fairly, including rules on mergers and state aid. Competition rules in the EU

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8 hours ago B. Italian government approves draft Law on Market and Competition of 2021: main provisions. On Nov. 4, 2021, the Italian Council of Ministers approved the draft Law on Market and Competition of 2021.

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6 hours ago This was the main message on Thursday afternoon as the European Commission unveiled its initial review of EU competition law, a process aimed at ensuring the rules introduced more than 60 years

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5 hours ago Perhaps the most contentious area of European competition law over the past ten years has been vertical restraints. In contrast to U.S. antitrust law, ments with downstream retailers that restrict territories, distribution methods, and retail prices, EU law continues to place strong limitations on the contracts of the European Union.1

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2 hours ago Directive 2014/104/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 November 2014 on certain rules governing actions for damages under national law for infringements of the competition law provisions of the Member States and of the European Union, OJ L 349, 5.12.2014, p. 1.

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7 hours ago MAIN DOCUMENT Commission Notice on the definition of relevant market for the purposes of Community competition law (OJ C 372, 9.12.1997, pp. 5–13).. RELATED DOCUMENTS Commission staff working document: evaluation of the Commission Notice on the definition of relevant market for the purposes of Community competition law of 9 December 1997 …

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3 hours ago Available at a lower price from other sellers that may not offer free Prime shipping. This is the second edition of a highly regarded work, comprehensively analyzing the current state of European law in the energy sector.

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Just Now No. 13-4791, 2021 WL 3502632 (2d Cir. Aug. 10, 2021). On Aug. 10, 2021, Chinese Vitamin C manufacturers facing price-fixing claims succeeded in overturning a $147 million jury verdict for a second time, when a federal appeals court in Manhattan again found the alleged cartel scheme was justified by Chinese law.

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7 hours ago ANALYSIS. Italian Competition Judgment Against Amazon Shows the Future of Big-Tech Regulation in Europe. The case serves as evidence that tougher scrutiny and higher fines, which new EU-wide rules

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(708) 357-33177 hours ago The National Law Review - National Law Forum LLC 4700 Gilbert Ave. Suite 47 #230 Western Springs, IL 60558 Telephone (708) 357-3317 or toll free (877) 357-3317. If you would ike to contact us via

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1 hours ago Competition authorities in China, Singapore and Kazakhstan had already given their blessing to the merger plans. Image: Margrethe Vestager/European Union, 2022.

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7 hours ago The European Union’s and other countries’ competition laws contain a similar concept of extraterritorial application. Thus, in some cases, proposed conduct may need to be evaluated under the competition laws of the countries where the conduct may impact commerce, in addition to the antitrust laws of the country in which the conduct will occur.

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2 hours ago Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Case Law . Commercial Solvents v Commission Cases 6 and 7-73, 6 March 1974 . Dresdner Bank v Commission Case T-44/02 OP, [2006] ECR II-3567. E.ON Ruhrgas v Commission Cases T-360/09, EU:T:2012:332

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8 hours ago ‘national competition law’ means provisions of national law that predominantly pursue the same objective as Articles 101 and 102 TFEU and that are applied to the same case and in parallel to Union competition law pursuant to Article 3(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1/2003, as well as provisions of national law that predominantly pursue the same

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8 hours ago EU Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager says the merger would have led to “fewer suppliers and higher prices for large vessels transporting LNG.” The European Union on Thursday

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3 hours ago HOW THE EUROPEAN UNION WORKS The last amending treaty — the Lisbon Treaty — was signed in Lisbon on 13 December 2007, and came into force on 1 December 2009. Earlier treaties are now incorporated into the current consolidated version, which comprises the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

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6 hours ago Competition Law Exemptions in the United States, the European Union, Australia and Japan This Article is brought to you for free and open access by the Law School at Washington University Open prosecute price cartels. The European Union has a “market overview” role,

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Just Now Conversely, price discrimination in the European Union is unlawful only if used by a manufacturer with a dominant position to take unfair advantage of its market power (e.g., by offering very low prices to block new competitors from entering a market). A Few Tips for New Lawyers. Don’t assume that all EU countries will enforce EU law the same

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4 hours ago Price Abuses: An overview of EU and national case law. 1. Introduction Allegations of pricing abuses have tested the boundaries of competition law for more than a century and remain an important activity for many competition authorities and courts. While pricing abuses constituted key parts of some early antitrust cases [1], many commentators

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8 hours ago European Union law is a system of rules operating within the member states of the European Union.Since the founding of the European Coal and Steel Community following World War II, the EU has developed the aim to "promote peace, its values and the well-being of its peoples". The EU has political institutions, social and economic policies, which transcend nation states for …

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7 hours ago There is a beautiful debate about the independence of the national Data Protection Authority (DPA) in Belgium and there is a European dimension to it. While many independent administrative authorities have been created by EU law, the authorities in EU data protection law are special: (1) they are active in enforcing fundamental rights while the others are mostly …

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3 hours ago Search for EU legislation (both in force and under preparation) on EUR-Lex and in other EU legislation directories. Find Case-law Search for recent EU case-law on the European Court of Justice website by case number, by names of the parties or by date.

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1 hours ago in the Treaty on European Union(TEU) , with the basic competition rules laid down in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) 3. Ensuring effective competition in the EU single market Competition is essential for the proper functioning of a free market. The goal of

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Just Now deemed contrary to the idea of the free market. 23 The phrase "Washington Consensus" is viewed as the equivalent of "neoliberalism" and "globalization., 24 The originator of the phrase, John Williamson, used the phrase in 1990 "to refer to the lowest common

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1 hours ago Part V deals with competition law: Articles 101 and 102 TFEU, the enforcement of Union competition rules and other related competition law issues. Part VI then includes a brand new chapter concerned with the EU's external relations, together with treatment of the legal effects of international agreements entered into by the EU.

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1 hours ago Many European law schools also offer specialized LL.M. programs, in areas such as finance, business law, human rights law, environmental law, tax law, and more, which can help students develop focus areas that they can put to use in their practice. For those who graduate with a European LL.M. degree, the options are countless.

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Just Now EU competition policy and the digital economy EU competition framework Competition policy has always been an important policy area for the European Union. Antitrust regulations were implemented in order to guarantee free trade and fair competition in the common single market.

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4 hours ago The school is ranked by QS and runs a generalist full-time program as well as a European Law LL.M. Belgium is a country at the heart of the EU’s political and legal worlds. LL.M. students there are therefore afforded a wonderful opportunity to learn from the front lines, close to the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament.

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5 hours ago Distribution agreements and competition law is a topic high on the agenda at the moment in Europe and beyond. In this article, I would like to challenge a general comment that I often hear as a practitioner; that the enforcement of vertical restrictions mainly concerns the European Union (“EU”) – which, in my opinion, is only partly true.

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5 hours ago The use of MFNs by price comparison tools and online marketplaces has been the target of a number of antitrust enforcement cases and market studies in Europe: Online hotel bookings: starting in 2010, several European national competition authorities (NCAs) have investigated MFN clauses in agreements between online travel agents (OTAs) and

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6 hours ago Evans, A. Jorge Padilla & Michele Polo, Tying in Platform Software: Reasons for a Rule of Reason Standard in European Competition Law, 25 World Competition 509 (2002). 122. According to Jupiter Communications--an information-technology consulting company--in 2002, almost a third of all stock trading would take place over the Internet.

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3 hours ago In conclusion, in the EU, a FRAND encumbered SEP holder would violate competition law if it sought an injunction in patent litigation against the implementer especially if the user acted in a way that was consistent with being a ‘willing licensee’. 14 2.1.2 Abuse of Dominance via Misuse of Regulatory Procedures. Another aspect of interplay between patents …

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9 hours ago A European country can only become an EU Member State if it meets democratic standards (including the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities); has a functioning market economy and the capacity to cope with competition and market forces in the EU; and can take on the responsibilities of EU membership.

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8 hours ago The objectives of procurement and competition law are thus similar and complementary. As the European Court (Stadt Halle (C-26/03)) has recognised, the principal objective of the procurement rules is “the free movement of services … and the opening-up to undistorted competition in all the Member States.” The new Directives adopted in 2014

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5 hours ago Establishing the Supremacy of European Law. The Making of an International Rule of Law in Europe. $65.00. Add Establishing the Supremacy of European Law to Cart. Karen J. Alter. 9780199260997. Paperback. 27 March 2003. Oxford Studies in European Law.

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8 hours ago Its rules derive from Directive 2014/24/EU and Directive 2014/25/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014. It should be noted as well that French administrative case law is another major source of …

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is European competition law?

European competition law is the competition law in use within the European Union. It promotes the maintenance of competition within the European Single Market by regulating anti-competitive conduct by companies to ensure that they do not create cartels and monopolies that would damage the interests of society.

What is state aid under EU competition law?

State aid, control of direct and indirect aid given by Member States of the European Union to companies under TFEU article 107. Primary authority for applying competition law within the European Union rests with European Commission and its Directorate General for Competition, although state aids in some sectors,...

What is the EU competition law Directive on damages?

In 2014, the European Parliament and European Council issued a joint directive on 'certain rules governing actions for damages under national law for infringements of the competition law provisions of the Members States and of the European Union'.

Is tying legal under US and EU competition law?

A comparison between tying under U.S. and EC competition law, however, faces an important handicap, namely that the European Commission and the European Court have dealt with tying in a very small number of cases, none of which is particularly recent.

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